Video, Three elders reveal what it takes to be a leader, US Election 2020: Results and exit poll in maps and charts, US Election 2020: Results show tight Trump-Biden race in key states. and added to Emoji 1.0 in 2015. The use of the fist by communists and antifascists is first evidenced in 1924, when it was adopted as the salute for the Communist Party of Germany's Roter Frontkämpferbund ("Alliance of Red Front-Fighters"). © DOUGLAS R. CLIFFORD/Times/Tampa Bay Times/TNS, © MARTHA ASENCIO RHINE/Times/Tampa Bay Times/TNS. And the fist is the symbol that unites them all. Reclaiming the Clenched Fist: Black Lives Matter 2020, After the horrific death of George Floyd and countless other black men and women at the hands of the police, Black Lives Matter has brought the raised fist back to the forefront. ", "Breivik: What's behind clenched-fist salutes? VideoRescuers rush to save beached pilot whales, Finding positivity in lockdown through photography, Bushfire koalas going back to the wild. Letter to Leo Hurwitz and Janey Dudley, 25 November 1938. In 2017, the raised fist as a symbol of activism saw renewed interest in the feminist movement in The Women’s March. The feminist movement has also historically used the fist in the fight for gender equality. "He's probably not doing it in a self-conscious way," James says. However, this is considered rare; the red hand is usually depicted with a flat palm. Cited in: Schulte-Rummel, Sven "Die politische Symbolik der Kommunistischen Partei Deutschlands in der Weimarer Republlik", Rolfe, Mary. The meaning can vary based on context and which arm is raised (left or right). Students raised the fist in Paris in 1968 in mass protests against French President Charles de Gaulle. , The raised right fist is used by officials in Mainland China when being sworn into office. Fist pump is a celebratory gesture in which a closed fist is raised before the torso and subsequently drawn down in a vigorous, swift motion. She said it was to show allyship with Black Lives Matter.  Loyalists in Northern Ireland occasionally use a red clenched fist on murals depicting the Red Hand of Ulster. “She’d, you know, be picking her hair and she’d be like, ‘black powerrr’,” the 20-year-old University of South Florida student said, imitating her mother’s playful tone. The black fist, also known as the Black Power fist is a logo generally associated with Black pride, defiance, solidarity, and socialism. Fist pump is a celebratory gesture in which a closed fist is raised before the torso and subsequently drawn down in a vigorous, swift motion. Protesters explain what changes would make them feel like the movement is successful. *The Women’s March is meant to be intersectional and include women of all races, religions, sexualities—we do not agree with nor support the allegations of the national Women’s March organization’s antisemitism.  Depending on the elements combined, the meaning of the gesture changes in tone and intention. The meaning can vary based on context and which arm is raised (left or right).  It is perhaps best known in this era from its use during the Spanish Civil War of 1936–1939, as a greeting by the Republican faction, and known as the "Popular Front salute" or the "anti-fascist salute". How to protect eyes from tear gas, pepper spray and rubber bullets. A right hand white fist holding a red rose is used by the Socialist International and some socialist or social democratic parties, such as the Socialist Party in France and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party.. This effort takes a lot of resources to gather and update. She said it was to show allyship with Black Lives Matter. They urge de-escalation but only to a point. ): "Massenmedium Strasse. Tra fantasmi e ferite", "The Story Behind the Blue Fist - Wisconsin State AFL-CIO Blog", "Caught in Time: Black Power salute, Mexico, 1968", Silent Gesture – Autobiography of Tommie Smith, "State Council holds first swearing-in ceremony to uphold Constitution", A brief history of the 'clenched fist' image, The Raised Fist Emoji Is Social Media’s Resistance Symbol, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Raised_fist&oldid=985961155, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 October 2020, at 00:04. , The graphic symbol was popularised in 1948 by Taller de Gráfica Popular, a print shop in Mexico that used art to advance revolutionary social causes.  Loyalists in Northern Ireland occasionally use a red clenched fist on murals depicting the Red Hand of Ulster. , Psychologist Oliver James has suggested that the appeal of the salute is that it allows the individual to indicate that they "intend to meet malevolent, massive institutional force with force of (their) own", and that they are bound in struggle with others against common oppression. One early visualization of the raised, clenched fist was depicted by Honoré Daumier and was likely inspired by the Revolution of 1848 that saw the overthrow of King Louis-Philippe’s monarchy. The first time Nandi McMillan, 21, remembers holding up a fist was for a photo in high school when she was running for prom queen.
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