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Eris’ only known moon was discovered in 2005 by Mike Brown and the adaptive optics team at the W. M. Keck Observatory. Makemake’s moon was discovered in April 2016 in observations by by the Hubble Space Teletype. It hosts many hydrocarbon-filled lakes as well as extremely tall mountains, with the largest one rising to nearly 11,000 feet. Uranus is known to have 27 in orbit around it. There are more than 194 moons of the various planets, dwarf planets in the solar system. Iapetus features light and dark contrasts on its surface, giving the moon a yin-yang shape. The moon has a subsurface ocean that may be friendly to life. Nitrogen and methane extend around the moon 10 times as far into space as Earth's atmosphere, sometimes falling to the surface in the form of methane rain. Larger moons may trap smaller moons, keeping them nearby. The Cassini spacecraft snapped this image of Saturn's "yin and yang" moon Iapetus on Aug. 30, 2013. Galilean Moons – Io, Europa, Ganymede & Callisto, Inner Moons – Metis, Adrastea, Amalthea & Thebe, Other Moons – Themisto, Leda, Himalia, Lysithea, Elara, S/2000 J 11, Carpo, S/2003 J 12, Euporie, S/2003 J 3, S/2003 J 18, S/2011 J 1, S/2010 J 2, Thelxinoe, Euanthe, Helike, Orthosie, Iocaste, S/2003 J 16, Praxidike, Harpalyke, Mneme, Hermippe, Thyone, Ananke, Herse, Aitne, Kale, Taygete, S/2003 J 19, Chaldene, S/2003 J 15, S/2003 J 10, S/2003 J 23, Erinome, Aoede, Kallichore, Kalyke, Carme, Callirrhoe, Eurydome, S/2011 J 2, Pasithee, S/2010 J 1, Kore, Cyllene, Eukelade, S/2003 J 4, Pasiphae, Hegemone, Arche, Isonoe, S/2003 J 9, S/2003 J 5, Sinope, Sponde, Autonoe, Megaclite & S/2003 J 2. Our solar system is full of strange, amazing, gigantic, beautiful, mysterious and truly bad-ass moons. Two of Saturn’s moons (Janus & Epimetheus) swap orbits every 4 years. William Herschel who discovered Uranus in 1781 also observed the largest two moons, Titania and Oberon, in 1787. Notable Moons – Miranda, Titania, Ariel, Umbriel & Oberon, Other Moons – Cordelia, Ophelia, Bianca, Cressida, Desdemona, Juliet, Portia, Rosalind, Cupid, Belinda, Perdita, Puck, Mab, Francisco, Caliban, Stephano, Trinculo, Sycorax, Margaret, Prospero, Setebos & Ferdinand. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute ). One of Saturn's moons, Titan, makes up 96 percent of the mass orbiting the planet. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Dione is thought to be a dense rocky core surrounded by water-ice. There are three main groups in the upper … Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Their shapes range from irregular worlds to ellipsoidal to almost completely rounded. Neptune has at least 14 moons. These moons were likely created during a giant collision, which scattered these tiny worlds into orbit around Pluto and Charon. Wired may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. Other Moons – Nix, Hydra, Kerberos & Styx. Hydra, Nyx, Styx, and Kerberos are the smaller moons of Pluto. Others orbit farther out. To revist this article, visit My Profile, then View saved stories. The tiny bits of ice travel together to create Saturn's E ring. But which is the most badass? The comparitive sizes of some of Saturn's biggest moons are shown. Here's how it will eventually die by fire. The violent collision could have scattered the debris that would have later drawn together into the smaller moons. The smaller named moons of Saturn are as follows: The unnamed moons, identified by year of discovery, are: — Additional reporting by Elizabeth Howell, Space.com contributor. The International Space Station can't last forever. Let's look at the eight major moons of Saturn: Titan is the largest of Saturn's moons and the first to be discovered. Receive mail from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors? The five largest are Puck, Miranda, Ariel, Umbriel, Titania, and Oberon. Iapetus has a walnut-like shape, with its center bulging outward, and a ridge running around its equator. Both of Haumea’s moons were discovered in 2005 from observations made by the W. M. Keck Observatory. The WIRED conversation illuminates how technology is changing every aspect of our lives—from culture to business, science to design. Thank you for signing up to Space. Tidal heating causes portions of the icy planet to melt, spewing icy material into space from its "tiger stripes." The solar system is stuffed with mighty moons. They were discovered in 1877 by astronomer Asaph Hall, who named them for the Latin terms “fear” and “panic”. Some are tiny, some are enormous. The mythical siblings of the Greek god Cronus — Saturn to the Romans — the Titans battled the Olympian gods and lost. Other Moons – S/2009 S 1, Pan, Daphnis, Atlas, Prometheus, Pandora, Epimetheus, Janus, Aegaeon, Methone, Anthe, Pallene, Telesto, Calypso, Helene, Polydeuces, Hyperion, Kiviuq, Ijiraq, Phoebe, Paaliaq, Skathi, Albiorix, S/2007 S 2, Bebhionn, Erriapus, Skoll, Siarnaq, Tarqeq, S/2004 S 13, Greip, Hyrrokkin, Jarnsaxa, Tarvos, Mundilfari, S/2006 S 1, S/2004 S 17, Bergelmir, Narvi, Suttungr, Hati, S/2004 S 12, Farbauti, Thrymr, Aegir, S/2007 S 3, Bestla, S/2004 S 7, S/2006 S 3, Fenrir, Surtur, Kari, Ymir, Loge & Fornjot. [Read the Full Story Behind This Photo Here. Once the names of the Titans were used, the moons began to be called after other characters from Roman and Greek mythology. The satellite contains a faint oxygen atmosphere, about 5 trillion times less dense than the one found on Earth, but the only known oxygen atmosphere in the solar system. The camera was pointing toward Rhea at approximately 174,181 miles (280,317 kilometers) away. You will receive a verification email shortly. It is the essential source of information and ideas that make sense of a world in constant transformation. The solar system is stuffed with mighty moons. Rhea is a heavily cratered moon and lacks a core at its center. Scientists have found strange red arcs on the moon and are still struggling to explain how the arcs got there. You tell us. The breakthroughs and innovations that we uncover lead to new ways of thinking, new connections, and new industries. Enceladus is the astrobiology It-Moon of the moment, but can it be beaten in a satellite smackdown? Mimas has a gaping crater that gives the rocky moon a strong resemblance to fictional Death Star in the "Star Wars" movies. New York, Another hangs in Earth’s sky every evening. The north polar hood can be seen on Titan (3,200 miles or 5,150 kilometers across) and appears as a detached layer at the top of the moon here. And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: community@space.com. This raw image of Saturn's icy moon Rhea was taken on March 10, 2013 by NASA's Cassini spacecraft, and received on Earth March 10, 2013. Kerberos was discovered in 2011, and Styx was found in 2012, both by Hubble Space Telescope. Other Moons – Naiad, Thalassa, Despina, Galatea, Larissa, S/2004 N 1, Halimede, Sao, Laomedeia, Psamathe & Neso. Enceladus contains more than 100 geysers at its south pole. The largest of these, Triton was discovered by William Lassell in 1846 one day after the discovery of Neptune, it was more than 100 years later before a second moon was found. The second largest of the planet's major moons, Rhea is still rather small, about half the size of Earth's moon. Get ready for the 'Great Conjunction' of Jupiter and Saturn, SpaceX's Starship may help clean up space junk, On This Day in Space: Nov. 2, 2000: Expedition 1 arrives at the International Space Station. There was a problem. These four moons rotate chaotically on their axes. Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! The satellite's icy surface makes it one of the brightest objects in the solar system. A large crater on the other side of the moon covers nearly two-fifth of the moon's diameter and is nearly the size of Mimas. (Image credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute). Sixteen of the moons are tidally locked, with one face permanently turned toward Saturn. Instead, the entire body is composed of ice, with traces of rock mixed in, causing it to resemble a dirty snowball. The Sioux are an ancient and deeply spiritual people. Hyperion was the last of the major satellites to be discovered. Image taken December 20, 2010. Which is the most bad-ass of them all? A large trench crosses the moon, running diagonally from its north to south pole and spanning three-quarters of the satellite's circumference. It is possible that there is a liquid ocean beneath its surface, although scientists say that an oval-shaped core could also explain some of Mimas' libration movements. These moons are thought to be captured asteroids and are among the smallest natural satellites in the solar system. Another theory suggests that the system originally housed several large moons, similar to Jupiter's Galilean moons, but two fused into Titan. They come in a variety of sizes and compositions, from almost pure ice to rocky material, as well as a combination of both. Tethys travels close to Saturn and feels the gravitational pull of the planet. The innermost moons are similar in characteristics with the thin rings. NY 10036. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), The Ultimate List of TV Shows set in Space or on Other Planets, The Planets and Moons of Star Wars to Scale. One has a giant ocean that could be home to extraterrestrial plesiosaurs. Only 53 of Saturn's moons have names; the rest are identified by a numerical designation relating to their year of discovery. Please refresh the page and try again. Over the next 200 years, the other seven major satellites were spotted. Titan is the only moon in the solar system known to have a significant atmosphere. The flattened object resembles an elongated potato rather than a sphere, a form that may have been created when an impact demolished a larger moon long ago.

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