Shorthorns have done very well in crossbreeding programs, most notably in the development of the Santa Gertrudis breed on the King Ranch. And they can convert feed to milk and meat with great efficiency. Feet and leg structure of these animals are good with very few problems. Their pleasant temperament is ideal for the small farmers. Bulls weigh from 1,800 to 2,200 pounds or more. Although, certain blood lines within the breed always emphasized one quality or the other, either milk or meat. • Shorthorn cattle also called Durham. As a result, the breed has seen dramatic improvement in both production and dairy conformation in the past 30 years while retaining a breed identity. Climatic conditions, excellent grazing abilities, easy to handle. Milking/Dairy Shorthorn cattle are also known for high levels of fertility, grazing efficiency, and ease of management that result in the breed being high suitable for low-input dairy operations in various production environments. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. They have great longevity, and this feature helps the farmers not to worry about the cost of head replacements. The breed took a division between emphasizing beef or milking abilities via contemporaneous breeding programs. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The Canadian Milking Shorthorn Society had their highest registration and membership totals in over 25 years in 2012. The first real development of the breed occurred in the valley of the Tees River about 1600. Shorthorn cattle were used as a dual purpose animal. Charles Mulhern, who established a ranch near Fort Davis in 1878, was an extensive Shorthorn breeder. In this way the analysis looks at the weight of the cow and the weight of the calf she produced. They finish readily on high quality pastures and are noted for their good marbling characteristics when finished on grain. Ease of calving and superb mothering ability – most cows require no calving assistance. Poultry This two separate breeds are the Milking Shorthorn and the Beef Shorthorn. Mortality among the early Texas Shorthorns was high because of Texas fever, but ranchers, impressed with improvement of their herds, continued to import high-grade bulls. They are among the good dual purpose cattle breeds which are good for both milk and meat production. Shorthorn cross females calve unassisted 98 percent of the time. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. Shorthorn EPDs can be compared directly to the following breeds of cattle: Canadian Angus, Canadian Shorthorn There are small groups of Milking/Dairy Shorthorns that have not incorporated outside genetics and remain true to the conformation and production levels of Shorthorns from the earlier part of the 20th century. The animals are usually polled naturally. Shorthorn breed heifers have proved to be among the earliest to reach puberty at 359 days. And the Shorthorn cows on average weight around 800 kg. Cows are productive for 5 or more lactations, and several cows have produced in excess of 10,000 kgs per lactation at greater than ten years of age. The Shorthorn cows are very good milk producers. Feet and leg structure of these animals are good quality with very few problems. The breed is known as the Dairy Shorthorn in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia and South Africa, and as the Milking Shorthorn in Canada, New Zealand and the United States. In South Texas, Robert J. Kleberg, of the King Ranch, was one of the first to introduce purebred Shorthorns into the Texas fever area. Although some blood lines may have short horns, as their name suggests. On average Shorthorns produce around 8000 kg of milk per lactation, and their milk also has a decent ratio of protein against fat.  All major populations have seen an increase in interest in Milking Shorthorns by dairy producers, artificial insemination organisations, and crossbreeders. Currently the Shorthorn cattle are widely distributed throughout the world. The Shorthorn cattle breed are large animals and usually with a mix of red, white or roan coat color. Shorthorn cross females calve unassisted 98% of the time. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Today the breed is found mostly in English speaking countries, and South America. Usually all Shorthorn cattle are red, white or roan colored. Shorthorn cattle, calves average 85 pounds at birth; therefore reasonable birth weights result in calves having a higher potential for growth. A rough guide is that Mwt EBV should be less than the same animals 600-Day Wt EBV. The Illawarra cattle breed of Australia is largely descended from the Dairy Shorthorn. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. They are popular for their weight gain efficiency and suitability for low input system. Some national breed associations have been active in either approving sires for use or directly selling semen on a range of sires of varying purity percentages. But there is a type of this breed which is consistently white color. Through their efforts a more consistent herd of cattle was developed. Shorthorn cattle have no problems with the Irish weather.  With further imports through the 1800s the breed spread across the whole country. Genetic expansion programs vary by population, but all populations have incorporated some level of outside genetics. The animals are basically polled naturally. Anonymous, Duck It can be expected that a cow with a higher Mwt EBV may require more feed to maintain her than a cow with a lower Mwt EBV, she is also more likely to have a heavier calf at weaning. The seventy-five purebred Shorthorns purchased by Charles Goodnight for the JA Ranch in 1876 were largely responsible for the breeding up of Texas Panhandle stock. Calving Ease – All cattlemen agree, more live calves at birth means many calves at weaning. But they are mainly found in the English-speaking countries and South America. This river, the valley of which is so well known in the development of the breed, lies between Durha… Some people prefer the roan colored cattle, and completely white animals are usually not common. The American Milking Shorthorn Society is the largest Milking Shorthorn population, registering in excess of 3000 animals per year. Support the Handbook today. The Shorthorn cattle breed is found in practically every country of the world. The Mature Cow Weight EBV would be an indicator of: Cow feed requirements - until feed efficiency EBVs are available, many breeders may try to reduce the mature size of their breeding cows while maximising the growth to say 600 days of their yearling slaughter animals; Mature steer size - breeders of heavy steers may look for large mature weight EBVs - particularly if looking at long term feeding programs. The Milking Shorthorn breed has largely embraced a form of genetic expansion in populations around the world, in an effort to continue genetic improvement while avoiding the inbreeding concerns that can arise in a small population. Herdbooks in Canada and the United States were also combined until formation of independent breed societies in these countries. Shorthorns are either red color, red and white, white or roan, the last named color being a very close mixture of red and white, and found in no other breed of cattle. The Dairy Shorthorn is a British breed of dairy cattle. Subscribe ROY'S FARM newsletter for news, updates and receiving notifications of new posts by email. The above picture source is from Wikipedia. Disclaimer The Dairy Shorthorn is an average-sized breed, with mature cows averaging 140 cm (55 in) tall at the tailhead, and weighing 640 to 680 kg (1,410 to 1,500 lb). Improved longevity, with the majority of Shorthorn cows lasting more than 5 lactations. One of the traits which we need to get further information on is mature cow weights, which will give us an indication of the size of cows within the breed, how productive they are and maturity patterns. Photo and info from Wikipedia. The breed has largely ensured that breeders are able to follow whatever breeding program suits their needs, resulting in both herds of "blended" Shorthorns with many animals at less than 50% purity, as well as herds in several countries were most animals are purebred. Mature Cow Weight EBVs are calculated from weights taken on the cow when her calf’s weaning weight is being measured. These countries all touch the North Sea and lie between the Cheviot Hills and the middle of England. In Canada, selected Swedish Red genetics have been entered into the herdbook at 75% purity, while these genetics have 50% purity standing in the United States. Shorthorn cows producing in excess of 9000 kgs of milk per 305 days on low input management.