At the statehood convention, Ranse decides to withdraw his name for territorial delegate for statehood, concluding he is not worthy after killing Valance. Either they would say: "I thought your song was one of the best parts of the movie.  Strode recounted that Ford "kept needling Duke about his failure to make it as a football player", comparing him to Strode (a former NFL running back), whom he pronounced "a real football player". Liberty is portrayed as being an almost mystically good shot. In contrast to prior John Ford Westerns, such as The Searchers (1956) and She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949), Liberty Valance was shot in black-and-white on Paramount's soundstages. https://villains.fandom.com/wiki/Liberty_Valance?oldid=3786876. Shinbone's men meet to elect two delegates to the statehood convention at the territorial capital. In 2007, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.". He told Bogdanovich that he used the theme in both films to evoke repressed desire and lost love. Variety called the film "entertaining and emotionally involving," but thought if the film had ended 20 minutes earlier, "it would have been a taut, cumulative study of the irony of heroic destiny," instead of concluding with "condescending, melodramatic, anticlimactic strokes. Once you hear that song, you never forget it. But she was homesick -- and she yearned to write a different kind of story. He also ridiculed Wayne for failing to enlist during World War II, during which Ford filmed a series of widely praised combat documentaries for the Office of Strategic Services and was wounded at the Battle of Midway, and Stewart served with distinction as a bomber pilot and commanded a bomber group. A number of questions in History on the John Ford film "The Man who shot Liberty Valance" - The word Valance is the writer code for "Balance" and Liberty stands on herself - The motive for the play is Pitney told me that he constantly heard two things from fans. "What a miserable film to make," he added. , Stewart received top billing over Wayne on promotional posters, but in the film itself Wayne's screen card appears first and slightly higher on a sign post. " Ford also reportedly argued that the climactic shoot-out between Valance and Stoddard would not have worked in color. When the horses did stop, Wayne tried to pick a fight with the younger and fitter Strode. There didn't seem to be much room for a Dorothy. "You might say I'm old fashioned, but black and white i… Much like Rita Hayworth, the legend of the character overpowered the real person; the hardest person to be was “John Wayne.” So with that, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance shows us the horror of being the real person. " Harrison's Reports gave the film a grade of "Very Good", but Brendan Gill of The New Yorker was negative and called it "a parody of Mr. Ford's best work. Tom regrets saving Ranse's life, because he lost Hallie to him; but, he encourages Ranse to accept the nomination and make Hallie proud. As she grew up, she developed a … He was justifiably excited about the prospects. Tom Doniphon actually has much more in common with Liberty than he ever would with Stoddard, but sees that the way of life they love is going away no matter what they do, and that Stoddard, who he mostly cannot stand, is the way of the future. In an unnamed Western US territory moving towards statehood in the late 1800s, the stagecoach carrying Eastern lawyer Ransome Stoddard was robbed by a delinquent gang of troublesome hoodlums led by Liberty Valance, who also beat Stoddard within an inch of his life. Edith Head's costumes were nominated for an Academy Award for Best Costume Design (black-and-white), one of the few Westerns ever nominated in that category. John Ford, the director of the 1962 film, and John Wayne, James Stewart and Lee Marvin, the stars, welcomed her into their own club. He was portrayed by the late Lee Marvin, who also played Chino in The Wild One. Strode blamed Ford for nearly all the friction on the set. Other cast- and crew-members also noticed Stewart's apparent immunity from Ford's abuse. As they pay their respects, local newspaper editor Maxwell Scott asks Stoddard why a United States senator would make the long journey from Washington to attend the funeral of a local rancher. "He didn't want Duke [Wayne] to think he was doing him any favors," Van Cleef said. Though based upon the movie's plotline, it was not used in the film. ", Another condition imposed by the studio, according to Van Cleef, was that Wayne be cast as Doniphon. Wayne's avoidance of wartime service was a major source of guilt for him in his later years. Ford claimed to prefer that medium over color: "In black and white, you've got to be very careful. She sold some stories to the Saturday Evening Post, using her full name as a byline: Dorothy Marie Johnson. The studio also specified that Wayne's name appear before Stewart's on theatre marquees, reportedly at Ford's request. Otherwise we would have been in Monument Valley or Brackettville and we would have had color stock. When the legend becomes fact, print the legend." The Burt Bacharach-Hal David song "(The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance" became a top-10 hit for Gene Pitney. I'm glad you did.  According to cinematographer William H. Clothier, however, "There was one reason and one reason only ... Paramount was cutting costs. Produced for $3.2 million, it grossed $8 million, making it the 15th-highest grossing film of 1962. Ranse returns to Hallie to treat his arm. Then, toward the end of filming, Ford asked Stewart what he thought of Strode's costume for the film's beginning and end, when the actors were playing their parts 25 years older. She moved to New York, found work at the Gregg Shorthand Co., and eventually became the editor of a women's-interest magazine. The authorship of Westerns -- tales of cowboys and rustlers and settlers and the rough-hewn world around them -- had traditionally been a men's club. Born in Iowa in 1905, an only child, she soon moved with her parents to Montana. At times, Liberty seems almost mentally ill, with some of his gang trying to hold him back from some of his wilder and rambunctious antics. Zane Grey, Max Brand, Owen Wister, Luke Short, Jack Schaefer, Louis L'Amour -- right up to today, those are the kinds of names most frequently associated with famous Western novels. Valance toys with Ranse, shooting him in the arm, and then aims to kill him, when Ranse fires his gun and Valance drops dead. If you'd like to see it. Liberty is always a dishonorable outlaw villain, and he is taken down by a method that was often the true way outlaws were dealt with. On TV he would have been dispatched by the second commercial and the villainy would have passed to some shadowy employer, some ruthless rancher who didn't want statehood. The film's music score was composed by Cyril J. Mockridge, but in scenes involving Hallie's relationships with Doniphon and Stoddard, Ford reprised Alfred Newman's "Ann Rutledge Theme", from Young Mr. Lincoln. Senator Ranse Stoddard and his wife Hallie arrive in Shinbone, a frontier town in an unnamed western state, to attend the funeral of Tom Doniphon. ", Richard L. Coe of The Washington Post called the film "a leisurely yarn boasting fine performances," but was bothered by "the incredulous fact that the lively townsfolk of Shinbone didn't polish off Valence [sic] for themselves. The conductor replies, "Nothing's too good for the man who shot Liberty Valance." ", The Monthly Film Bulletin agreed, lamenting that the "final anticlimactic 20 minutes ... all but destroy the value of the disarming simplicity and natural warmth which are Ford's everlasting stock-in-trade." Tom sees how much the two care for each other, and he retreats to his farm in a drunken rage where he burns down his house. Played by Lee Marvin in the film version, the only man he feared was rancher Tom Doniphon, played by John Wayne. Despite this, the review maintained that the film "has more than enough gusto to see it through," and that Ford had "lost none of his talent for catching the real heart, humor and violent flavor of the Old West in spite of the notable rustiness of his technique. At times, Liberty seems almost mentally ill, with some of his gang trying to hold him back from some of his wilder and rambunctious antics. Ranse is determined that law and justice can prevail over Valance; however, Ranse begins practicing with a gun. In the original short story, he is less of an outlaw icon, his importance growing in the mind of the humiliated Stoddard, who in both versions, shows signs of settling a grudge more than seeking justice. Doniphon is repulsed by what he sees (sometimes rightfully) as Stoddard's weak-kneed naivete, but also sees that the freedom of the Old West that he so loves has also bred men like Liberty and by extension, the large ranchers who are almost as much outlaw as Valance. You've got to know your job, lay your shadows in properly, get your perspective right, but in color, there it is," he said. She worked whatever jobs she could find. Nursed back to health by a restaurateur and his family, Stoddard finds twin dilemmas: Shinbone, with an ineffectual marshal and large ranchers in effect making their own law, needs his services desperately, yet a man like Liberty Valance can only be taken down by the same sort of violence that is the outlaw's stock and trade. Upon entering the territory as a young attorney, Ranse is beaten and robbed by Liberty Valance and his gang. ", Ford's behavior "...really pissed Wayne off," Strode said, "but he would never take it out on Ford," the man largely responsible for his rise to stardom. I was kind of hoping you would. Was Liberty Valance a Real Person? So did Gary Cooper, who starred in another movie based on one of her stories: 1959's "The Hanging Tree." During my years of musical travels, I became friends with Gene Pitney, the singer whose hits included "It Hurts to Be in Love," "Twenty-Four Hours from Tulsa," "Town Without Pity" and, of course, "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance." Is the statue of liberty a real person?  Jimmie Rodgers also recorded the song, in the Gene Pitney style. " The New Yorker's Richard Brody described it as "the greatest American political movie", because of its depictions of a free press, town meetings, statehood debates, and the "civilizing influence" of education in frontier America.. He reveals to Stoddard that all of his shaky shots at the showdown went wild, and never even touched Liberty. http://parallax-view.org/2009/05/21/john-fords-wilderness-the-man-who-shot-liberty-valance/ Tom advises Ranse of Valance's trickery. James Taylor covered it on his 1985 album That's Why I'm Here, as did The Royal Guardsmen on their 1967 album Snoopy vs. the Red Baron. Ford responded, "What's wrong with Uncle Remus?" Westerns may not be as popular as they once were, but beautiful writing is eternal. He was living up to a line with which every Dorothy M. Johnson fan -- and every fan of "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance" -- is quite familiar: When the legend becomes fact, print the legend. Born in Iowa in 1905, an only child, she soon moved with her parents to Montana. A memorable song, composed by songwriting legends Hal David and Burt Bacharach, and originally sung by Gene Pitney, was made for but not used in the film itself, though it followed closely enough that it is associated with the story. Stoddard blows out the match for his unlit pipe, and stares downward. You've got to know your job, lay your shadows in properly, get your perspective right, but in color, there it is," he said. She died in 1984, at the age of 78. Now, I don't know if Mr. Stewart has a prejudice against Negroes, but I just wanted you all to know about it."
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